In the News
What happened to politics as usual? Remember when the bosses decided in back room deals who the candidates would be? The reform was supposed to be primaries. But then along came Jimmy Carter, peanut farmer who wanted to be President. No one paid attention to him so he set up a big field staff in Iowa, a state the other candidates ignored. The media moved in and made him a major candidate. Ever since then Iowa has shaped the race and provided a path forward for the most unlikely of candidates. What is amazing is that there are people who actually pay attention to commercials or believe what candidates say in a primary race (notice the record number of lies being tossed around this year). A year ago, people would have laughed at the possibility of President Trump, President Cruz, or President Sanders. They are not laughing any more, and some pundits like conservative David Brooks still maintain that they are all doomed.
Remember when people voted according to their own economic interests? Now you have blue collar union workers raving about billionaire Republicans who want to destroy unions. Times have changed. Many now identify with cultural ideology or ethnic affiliations (and prejudices). The media profit from conflict, and demagogues find it easy to motivate extremists by enraging and manipulating the masses. Some say it reminds them of Germany in the 1930s. Eduardo Porter writes about how America’s best days may be over and how politics are becoming galvanized over racial hostility here and here. There is abundant evidence that racial attitudes now play a significant role in politics.
Science in the News. This has been a big month for science. How about the new planet they just discovered in our solar system? Planet 9 is bigger than the Earth, 4.6 billion miles away, and orbits the sun once every 10-20,000 years. A long wait until summertime. Here is another big discovery: scientists are figuring out synaptic pruning, a major cause of schizophrenia. On a darker note, anthropologists are questioning past assumptions about whether violence an integral part of the human race. They recently discovered fossil remains in Kenya showing torture and mass brutality going back 10,000 years. Most scholars previously thought that warfare began with the ownership of resources and complex social systems but these findings suggest otherwise. Some say these results indicate that humans are inherently violent. Others say that this simplistic analysis ignores the formation of cultural values created to minimize violence.
What’s going on in Russia? Never a dull moment. The Russian economy is in shambles and the rubble has hit an all-time low. Meanwhile, a British court found that Russian President Putin was probably directly involved in radioactive polonium 210 poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko in London in 2006. Litvinenko defected to the UK and claimed he had evidence of high level corruption in Russia plus a film proving that Putin is a pedophile. Putin made his alleged killer a member of Parliament. Meantime, the NYT ran a big story about how Putin created a huge government investment fund and then directed payments to companies that benefited officials in the Kremlin. Now for the really juicy news: Inmates in Russian prisons are no longer allowed to swear.
Al Jezerra America cable TV network closes after lack of support from viewers and advertisers. If you are one who is less than enamored of our media empires, Al Jezerra was refreshing. It covered news that the corporate media would not touch. Its coverage was at least as objective if not more so. So much for media diversity.
Bad news about things nuclear. On Jan. 6, North Korea announced that it had had exploded an H-bomb (1000 times more powerful than the atom bomb). The US response was not to worry because it probably was not an H-bomb, and besides they can’t miniaturize their weapons enough to put them on a missile. (The Koreans also claim that they have a 3 stage missile that can hit California.) But they don’t need a big weapon because the uranium and plutonium is already right here: almost 2,000 tons of it sitting above ground a few hundred feet from I-5 in San Onofre. Meanwhile, a lead front page story in the NYT describes how the US wants to build a new class of “small” maneuverable nuclear bombs to provide more options for those who see small nuclear war as an option when they don’t want to start a large nuclear war. (The US is one of the few countries that refuses to sign a “no first use” pledge.) The assumption is that enemies would accept a small nuclear attack and not retaliate with large weapons, the only kind most countries have (for the moment). This new option makes the use of nuclear weapons more attractive to commanders (and people like Donald Trump) who think we can bomb out way through issues abroad. Now you can all feel safer. Would the US (and other countries) target population zones? You bet. The National Archives just released a detailed target list for US bombers carrying nuclear weapons during the cold war. The 800 page document gives the code names for each target and makes it clear that the purpose was total annihilation of entire cities (179 nuclear bombs were to be dropped on Moscow alone). The idea was that mass killing of civilians would lower enemy morale and lead to a shorter war. This is the same theory used by the US in World War II when the purpose was to carpet bomb (or atom bomb) populated areas and kill as many civilians as possible:
Turning to nuclear power plants, a new study by the Nuclear Threat Initiative reports that nuclear material stored in 20 countries is an easy target for cyberattacks. Most nuclear power plants have a modest security force intended to defend against physical forces such as a small number of armed intruders. They have no defense against high explosives, missiles, drones, truck bombs and according to the report many are not defended against cyber attacks like the Stuxnet worm that the US and Israel used against Iran. And now the energy department is talking about building many smaller nuclear power plants that could be placed closer to population centers where electric demand is high.
Greed, Inc. When we hear about economic inequality, references are often made to celebrities like Warren Buffet, Bill Gates, Donald Trump, and Sheldon Adelson. But Stanford economics professor Nicholas Bloom recently published a paper analyzing the gains of hundreds of thousands of corporate executives who represent 0.25% of the work force. In this rarified circle, their pay has skyrocketed 140% compared to a 5% drop for the rest of the employees in their company. JP Morgan Chase decided to that their CEO Jamie Dimon was not being paid enough so they raised his compensation to $27 million, a 35% raise over 2015. Anyone else get a 35% raise? DuPont continues its decades-long effort to hide the dangers of obscure chemicals and bamboozle regulators into permitting toxic pollution of perfluorooctanoic acid which it dumps into rivers. Meanwhile, DuPont is firing 1,700 workers in anticipation of its merger with Dow Chemical.
In California, the utilities (esp. PG&E) are lobbying furiously with the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) to discourage people from installing solar energy. The CPUC, supposedly representing the interests of the public, has begun siding with the industry against the public and against the goal of providing more clean energy for California. The CPUC is also being sued because it refuses to disclose 65 emails to the governor’s office with regard to the settlement over who pays for the costs of the San Onofre failure (the settlement ended up letting Edison off the hook while soaking rate-payers for 70% of the costs). Meanwhile, prosecutors have charged PG&E with 28 felony counts of pipeline safety code violations and obstruction of justice with regard to the San Bruno pipeline explosion which killed 8 people and destroyed 38 homes. And what about the “mini-Chernobyl” methane gas leak at Porter Ranch? And what will the governor of Michigan do about everyone who has permanent brain damage from lead in Flint, Michigan drinking water? And now we have the yogurt wars: Chobani says that Dannon and Yoplait are putting unhealthy sucralose and potassium sorbate in their diet yogurts and misleading customers into thinking that they are actually health food.
Recipe. By popular demand, there have been numerous requests for the recipe of White Chocolate Cranberry Bread Pudding which was generously contributed to our pot-luck holiday party in December. So here goes:
1 loaf of Texas toast (or Italian Pantone or Irish soda bread in which case you omit the sugar)
1 cup of fresh whole cranberries, rinsed, no chopping
1- 12 oz. bag of white chocolate chips
1 cup of whole milk plus 1 cup of heavy cream
½ cup sugar
Cube the bread, combine with cranberries, chocolate chips and sugar
Is America Moving to the Left? The Republicans own Congress and the state houses and the “center” of the party has moved far to the right. But is the country moving to the left? Steve Bell writes that the Atlantic makes a persuasive case that this is really what is going on.
And what about Orange County? We will hear more about that at our Feb. 9 meeting. Republican registration peaked in 1990 but is now down to below 40%. Chapman University professor Fred Smoller predicts that Hillary will be not only the first woman President but she will also be the first Democratic candidate to sweep Orange County since FDR in 1936.
The US Navy says that Edison has contaminated 135 acres of San Onofre. Without much public mention, Camp Pendleton and the US Navy have been clashing with Edison for several years over what the Navy claims is radioactively contaminated soil, asphalt, and concrete. Apparently Edison shipped off 390 drums of contaminated waste but there is no disclosure on where they were dumped. The NRC has done nothing and Edison hides behind the claim that the waste is within “allowable limits.” This does not mean safe limits but rather levels that the NRC allows. It is also claimed that Edison follows the nuclear industry practice of mixing in unexposed dirt with contaminated waste in order to get an average reading that is “allowable.” It this has been going on for years on a small scale, what will happen when they demo the domes and bulldoze acres of rubble?
Violence in the Military. Everyone has been reading a lot about violence among police officers but recently a scandal emerged at West Point. The long tradition of pillow fighting has now been banned by superintendent Lt. Gen Robert L. Caslen, Jr. Apparently they put hard objects in the pillow cases which causes a rash of broken bones. A more serious story was reported recently on the front page of the NYT about Navy Seals torturing and killing Afghan prisoners
Consistent eye witness accounts confirmed what happened but the Navy brass badgered the witnesses into changing their testimony. Navy Captain Robert Smith overruled the accusations and exonerated those who were guilty. Who disciplines Robert Smith? Apparently nobody.
Rights of women around the world. Did you know that the U.S. ranks 75th out of 189 countries for the percentage of women in government? Want to know more about income and education gaps, where there is property rights discrimination against women, or where rape is legal? These data and graphs are an eye-opener.
Equal Justice for all. Just as the recent tax and spending bill was about to be voted upon, lobbyists swooped in and added 54 words that preserved a loophole sought by hotel, restaurant, gambling, and Wall Street interests. Just like that, a billion dollars vanished from tax revenues, money that the rest of us will end up paying. Meanwhile, the richest Americans have financed a sophisticated and effective apparatus for shielding their fortunes from taxes. The “Income Defense Industry” employs a phalanx of lawyers, estate planners, lobbyists, and anti-tax activists who devise huge tax breaks unavailable to anyone else. Here is another way of stacking the decks of justice: Lawyers for corporations have orchestrated language into consumer credit and employment contracts which bar people from joining class action lawsuits, probably the only means ordinary citizens have to fight illegal or deceitful practices. The purpose is to circumvent the courts and force complainers into private arbitration. They know that private arbitration heavily favors big business against consumers. They have effectively privatized the justice system in their favor.
Toxic contaminants in everyday use. Two major medical organizations recently issued warnings about widespread exposure to toxic but unregulated chemicals. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics warned that every pregnant woman in America has at least 43 chemical contaminants in her body and that many babies are born “pre-polluted.” Many of these are endocrine disrupters which are found in all kinds of consumer products ranging from shampoos to cash register receipts. Of the 80,000 chemicals in global commerce today, only a tiny fraction has been screened for safety. The powerful chemical lobby has adopted the play book from the tobacco industry: attack science and oppose government regulation. Last year they spent $120,000 per member of Congress to advance their agenda at the expense of the health of everyone.
The Elephant Not In the Room: The Shrinking Orange County Republican Party. In the OCRegister Dec. 10, Martin Wisckol has a front page story about the decline of the Republican Party in Orange County . In the last century, Republicans held about 55% of voter registrations but now it has shrunk to below 40% for the first time ever and is now only about 7% higher than Democratic registrations. The exception is South OC which remains a Republican stronghold….
Congress continues to block research on gun violence. Did you know that decades ago the gun lobby pressured Congress to forbid any research on gun violence? The NRA funds those who champion guns and more guns. They continues to threaten defeat for any member of Congress who votes against their wishes. As you know, they pretty much have Congress on a leash to the point where Democrats are reluctant to challenge them. But according to the Washington Post this week, a group of doctors joined some Democrats in presenting a petition to Congress signed by 2,000 medical doctors asking that the ban on gun violence research be rescinded. They pointed out that there has been an average of one mass shooting per day in the U.S. in 2015. And guess what? This happened just before the mass murders in San Bernardino. And guess what? Congress continues to do nothing because their number one priority (as usual) is going along with whatever big money lobbyists tell them to do.
The Shrinking Middle Class in Orange County. Everyone knows that the gap between the rich and poor is growing nationwide (and worldwide) but did you know that it is happening right here in OC? Read Teri Sforza in the OC Register on Dec. 3 “Gap between haves, have-nots grows in OC,”
What Contaminants are in Your Body? In recent weeks, two major medical organizations have issued warnings about toxic chemicals linked to breast and prostate cancer, obesity, and diabetes. The current chemical industry is the new tobacco industry which spends $121,000 per member of Congress lobbying to block regulation of their products. There are now over 80,000 chemicals in common use which have not been studied for detrimental health effects. Endocrine disrupters are found in plastics, shampoos, pesticides, food can linings, cash register receipts, and more. Every pregnant American woman has at least 43 different chemical contaminants in her body. Read all about it here.
Utilities Spend Heavily to Influence CA Politics. Teri Sforza does it again. The biggest political spenders are PS&E, Kaiser Permanente, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, SDG&E, Edison, WalMart, Disney.
Solution to Bachelor Glut in China: Share Wives. By 2020, China will have 20 million bachelors called guanggun (“bare branches”). The one child policy since 1979 led to decades of sex-selection abortions of females so there is now a shortage of women. Read all about it here.
Government for Sale. Just in time for our November meeting about money in politics, the New York Times recently reported recently that just 158 families have provided half of the cash for the 2016 presidential race. They also named names and even provided a map to show where they live. No wonder it is often said that the purpose of government is to benefit the rich. Contributing so lavishly seems to be a cheap way for the rich to make sure that more and more money is diverted to the interests of the 1%. Partly thanks to Citizens United, indications suggest that we are headed toward a plutocracy: Government of the Rich, By the Rich, and For the Rich.
Media Coverage OD. Are you overdosed on debates? Sick and tired hearing about Benghazi or Hillary’s emails (as Bernie Sanders said)? We can thank the media for this, and we can thank the media for one other obsession: their fascination with polls. Rather than cover any substance or policy issues, they harp over and over about the horse race. With great excitement every night their main story is who is ahead and who is behind. Who cares. Here is the LTE of the week:
A republic that prefers to be amused more than informed and engaged on the issues that touch its national life, its future and its role in the world is not only “amusing ourselves to death,” as the critic and educator Neil Postman once put it, but forfeiting its place of leadership among the community of nations.
Our candidates for high office tweet sophomoric insults at one another and yuk it up on late-night talk shows while Syria burns, thousands of refugees pour into Europe, students are gunned down on our campuses and the economy continues to stagnate.
Ours is a culture in crisis, yet the Fourth Estate is more committed to its corporate profitability than to its civic responsibility. The news media did not create the current crisis, but they have failed for too long to cover it seriously and chosen instead to profit from the culture of shallow amusement. We have the media and the political leadership we deserve.
ROY ALDEN ATWOOD West Frankfort, Ill.
Corporate Welfare. Tired of hearing all the sniveling by right-wingers who hate social security, medicare, and all programs that assist the poor or middle class? They are not against public welfare. They are only against all welfare that does not go to the rich. Read Joe Nocera on Corporate Welfare for the Kochs.
The San Onofre Saga Continues. More bad news this month. In Fukushima the bad news gets worse. On Oct. 15, the medical journal Epidemiology reported the results of thyroid scans done on 298,527 Japanese children exposed to radiation. They found a 30 fold increase in thyroid cancer. Meanwhile they still have found no way to contain the radioactive waste. They now have over 580,000 deteriorating black plastic 1,000 liter bags with nowhere to go. Many washed into rivers and the ocean after a recent heavy rain. The government says nothing to worry about and is forcing people to move back into Fukushima (by denying their compensation payments if they don’t). And they are starting to open previously closed reactors again telling everyone: nothing to worry about.
A new study published in the British Medical Journal examined 407,391 nuclear industry workers in 15 countries. On Oct. 21, the International Agency for Research on Cancer summarized the results: “This study strengthens the evidence of a causal relationship between solid cancers and exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation.” The authors state that ionizing radiation is one of the most ubiquitous carcinogens in the environment. Science now has considerable evidence that even low-level radiation is dangerous but our nuclear industry continues to deny this and even argues that a little radiation is good for you.
Our own NRC has actually been very active on this issue. They have two novel solutions. The first is not to reduce radioactive contamination but rather to increase the allowable limits that the human population can be exposed to. The EPA recommends a limit of 0.5 mSv exposure and the NRC plans to raise this to 100 mSv, a huge increase. This will allow them to state that everyone is in safe limits of exposure. If you object to this, better hurry and contact the NRC. The deadline for public comment is Nov. 19.
What about the possible cancer links for those living near nuclear power plants? The solution proposed by the NRC is simple: the less the public knows, the less they will worry. The National Academy of Science has been working for 5 years on a new study to find out if the public is in danger. The research was all set to begin, but on Sept. 8 the NRC blocked the project. The nuclear industry does not want this research done. If you want to read my commentary on this in the Voice of Orange County, please click the link in the archives of this page or click here.
Evolution is back in the news! Finally some interesting news. On Oct. 19 the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences announced all kinds of new discoveries. For example, new DNA testing found that domesticated dogs actually originated in Central Asia (about 15,000 years ago). If you are not excited by that, consider another discovery of 47 human teeth found in a Chinese cave. This indicates that Homo Sapiens arrived in China 80,000 years ago, about 40,000 years before they arrived in Europe. And long before they settled in either place they (i.e., we) thrived in central Africa as long ago as 190,000 years ago.
Pushing the boundaries way back, the journal also reported that there has been life on Earth 300 million years earlier than previously estimated. So the Earth formed about 4.5 billion years ago and in a mere 300 million years, voila, there is life! More importantly, this suggests that life is more plentiful in the universe because it starts up so quickly. It reminds us of the Nobel Prize research by chemist Harold Urey in 1953 when he created “life” in a lab. He duplicated the conditions of primordial Earth (hydrogen, methane, and ammonia) and bombarded the soup with ultraviolet radiation (fake sun) and in a week he produced amino acids, the basic building blocks of life. All you need is a few protons and a lot of time and the result is life. Of course, this does not explain where the proton generator came from.
But that is only life on Earth. Boring. How many more planets are there like Earth? NASA’s Kepler spacecraft has now identified a planet outside our solar system which is pretty much just like Earth. It has also found 4,696 planets so far (called exoplanets) in the habitable Goldilocks Zone in a tiny part of our galaxy. This means that there are about 14 billion exoplanets in the rest of our own galaxy. But there are at least 100 billion galaxies. You do the math and then think about the grand scheme of things and how trivial Earth is by comparison.
Einstein is wrong about spooky action. Wait, there is one more good story in the news. A raging debate for more than a half a century in astrophysics has been whether objects at great distances can influence each other. Could a particle on one edge of the universe instantly influence a particle on the opposite side of the universe? Einstein called this “spooky action” and insisted this was nonsense. But two guys (Bas Hensen and Ronald Hanson) at Delft University in the Netherlands performed an ingenious experiment and proved Einstein was wrong. It can happen. Now if only quantum mechanics can figure out how it happens.
Originally posted on the the voiceofoc.org
Do the regular radioactive emissions from nuclear power plants (NPP) increase the risk of cancer? No one knows for sure whether living near a NPP can cause cancer, but on Sept. 8 the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) terminated a study designed to find out. It would have been carried out by the prestigious National Academy of Sciences which spent 5 years planning the study.
One of the six locations chosen for study was our own San Onofre. The medical records of everyone living within 31 miles of San Onofre (a circle from Huntington Beach around to Solana Beach) would have been part of the study. The research proposal is entitled Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilities.
The NRC logo is “Protecting People and the Environment” but many wonder if it should read “Protecting the Nuclear Industry and Its Profits.”
The NRC said it could not afford the $8 million, but no one swallows this since the NRC has an annual budget of over $1 billion (90 percent of which comes from the industry it is supposed to be regulating).
The NRC also said that it already knows the answer: low-level radiation coming from NPP is harmless. It continues to cite a now thoroughly discredited study by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) which examined this issue a quarter of a century ago and failed to find cancer streaks. The nuclear industry prefers this study because it likes the results.
We now know that the NCI study failed because it studied only cancer deaths, not incidence, and it studied only where people died, not where they lived or worked. It also averaged people living very near a NPP with those who lived far away. Also worrisome are recent studies in Europe which discovered that children who live near a NPP double their risk of cancer. The NAS is well-aware of this and designed part of the study to focus on children.
Instead of treating cancer as a scientific issue, the nuclear industry treats it as a PR challenge. Frequent attempts are made to trivialize the dangers of radiation. Often this involves the Radiation- Is-Everywhere tactic complete with ludicrous examples (“It’s just like eating a banana,” or “It’s just like flying to Denver”). They like to show how little radiation is in an average X-ray but they are careful not to mention that radioactive exposure is cumulative: every dose adds. Since Edison has been ejecting radiation into the atmosphere and ocean regularly for almost a half-century, the total accumulation of even low-level radiation could be a serious health hazard.
The idea that there are thresholds below which radiation is harmless was put to rest by the 2007 report of the National Research Council entitledBiological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (better known as the BEIR VII Report). It concluded that there is a linear relationship between radiation dose and cancer-causing cell damage and that there is no such thing as a threshold below which radiation is harmless. This Linear No Threshold model is now settled science.
Do people in California get cancer? According to the California Dept. of Public Health, 1.3 million Californians today have a history of cancer. In 2013, there were 144,800 new cases and 55,485 cancer deaths. About one out of four deaths in California are caused by cancer (about 152 per day) and cancer is the leading cause of death in children.
Radiation is known to adversely affect cell DNA and can lead to a host of medical problems. But causation is difficult to prove because there are many causes of cancer and health effects may not be manifested for years or even decades. In Japan, thousands of people continue to die every year, not from old age, but from medical complications caused by the radiation they received as children in August of 1945 when they lived outside of Hiroshima or Nagasaki.
The dirty little secret of the nuclear industry is that all NPP regularly discharge radiation into the environment. Nuclear power plants cannot operate without these discharges, and the NRC sets standards for what is allowable. They have instituted a motivational and aspirational standard called ALARA which means: As Low as Reasonably Achievable. They set limits of discharge based on estimates of how much radiation can be tolerated by the average statistical adult male even though we know that women, children, and the human fetus are far more vulnerable. Their regulations carefully state what is allowable, not what is safe. The real question should be what is safe, not what is permissible by the NRC. No one knows for sure what is safe which is why the cancer study was proposed in the first place.
San Onofre has been ejecting gaseous radionuclides into the atmosphere since 1968. They have also pumped large quantities of low-level effluent radioactive waste into the ocean through their giant pipes 18 ft. in diameter (normal flow rate is a million gallons/minute). Many do not realize that these emissions continue even after the reactors were shut down in January of 2012. In 2012 (after shutdown), there were 335.1 hours of liquid effluent releases. The longest one went on continuously for 28 hours and discharged 1.031 billion gallons into the ocean. Those who enjoyed the ocean that day will never know because discharge days are kept secret.
What’s next? Unless another agency such as the EPA rescues the study, the research will never be conducted. Although there have been howls of protest across the country, people are up against a nuclear industry which is rich, powerful, and politically connected. Even the media in this area are afraid to cover the story with the exception of excellent reporting by Teri Sforza of the Orange County Register. Those who are concerned should immediately contact their representatives in Congress and demand that the National Academy of Science study be rescued, perhaps by another government agency such as the EPA.
Meanwhile, the Coastal Commission just approved Edison’s plan to begin construction of a massive concrete graveyard for high-level nuclear waste. They will bury thousands of tons of high-level radioactive waste in thin canisters that are guaranteed for only 10 years. The site will be a bluff on the edge of the Pacific Ocean a few hundred feet from I-5 half-way between the Los Angeles and San Diego metropolitan areas where over 8 million people live.
The nuclear industry likes to call this “spent fuel” which actually means that the profitability of the fuel is spent. This uranium and plutonium will remain lethal for millions of years. It has the radioactive equivalent of thousands of nuclear weapons. The entire venture is experimental in nature and is not based on proven technology. Instead, it relies on “vaporware” which means technology they hope to develop in the future. For example, there is no current technology to detect radiation leaks before they occur and no known way to fix them after they occur. The “plan” calls for these casks to remain at San Onofre until 2049 when they hope the government will take them away. There is currently no place for the casks and no plan to take them anywhere. Due to the corrosive salt environment they may become too fragile to move even if a place is found where the locals are willing to accept it. Opposition in this area is ignored because those who lived here in the 1960s agreed to the facility.
It is pretty clear why Edison and the NRC keep harping on their PR mantra that safety is their number one priority. What else can you do when all your plans are really risky? But actions speak louder than words. The push by the nuclear industry to block cancer research demonstrates their true colors. The plan to store tons of high-level nuclear waste in a densely populated area vulnerable to earthquakes, tsunamis, and terrorist attacks makes a mockery out of the logo: “Protecting People and the Environment.”
The author is a retired neuroscience professor living in San Clemente.
Voice of OC is interested in hearing different perspectives and voices. If you want to weigh in on this issue please contact Voice of OC Engagement Editor Julie Gallego at firstname.lastname@example.org.
In the News, October 2015
Update on San Onofre
The NRC has killed the cancer streak study which would have been carried out in the 31 mile area surrounding San Onofre. The National Academy of Sciences has been working on this for 5 years, but on Sept. 8 the NRC terminated the study just as it was about to begin collecting data. Read about it here: http://www.ocregister.com/articles/nuclear-682289-nrc-cancer.html or see what yours truly wrote about it in the Oct. 8 issue of the San Clemente Times. The link is not yet on line but below is the text:
Guest Opinion, San Clemente Times, Oct. 8-14, 2015
Does Living Near San Onofre Increase Cancer Risks?
Roger Johnson, PhD
Cancer is a serious health issue everywhere, and this is especially true in San Clemente where we all live near a nuclear power plant. Is living near a nuclear power plant (NPP) increase the risk of cancer? We may never know because on Sept. 8 the Nuclear Regulatory Commission terminated research designed to answer this question.
The National Academy of Sciences has been working on this for 5 years. Last December, they released a report entitled Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities (http://www.nap.edu/download.php?record_id=18968). The study would have been conducted near 6 NPP including our own San Onofre. If you lived within 31 miles of San Onofre, you would be in the study. The research would have focused on children who (along with woman and the human fetus) are far more vulnerable to radiation.
Studying this issue is difficult because there are many sources of radiation and many causes of cancer. We do know that radiation effects are cumulative and the National Academy of Sciences has reported that even low levels of radiation can be harmful. Edison has been regularly discharging low-level radiation into the ocean and into our air since 1968. Recent studies in Europe have reported that just living near a NPP can double the risks of cancer in children.
The current study was proposed because the nuclear industry has been relying on an old and discredited study by the National Cancer Institute done a quarter of a century ago. The NRC likes this study because it was unable to find cancer streaks. But this study examined cancer deaths, not cancer incidence, and it studied where people died rather than where they lived or worked. Even worse, it averaged people who lived near a NPP with those who lived far away. No wonder it failed to find an effect. Scientists know that failure to find an effect is never proof that there is no effect. Nevertheless, the nuclear industry has used this study to mislead the public and suggest that radiation is harmless. Trivializing radiation dangers is a common PR tactic for the industry.
According to the California Dept. of Public Health, 1.3 million Californians today have a history of cancer. In 2013, there were 144,800 new cases and 55,485 cancer deaths. About one out of four deaths in CA are caused by cancer (about 152 per day) and cancer is the leading cause of death in children.
Cancer is not one disease but rather a large group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. Cancer-causing radiation can easily penetrate living tissue which is why technicians hide behind lead shielding every time you get an Xray. Radiation is known to adversely affect cell DNA, but exact causation is difficult to prove because health effects are sometimes not manifested for years or even decades. In Japan, thousands of people continue to die every year, not from old age, but from medical complications caused by the radiation they received as children in August of 1945 when they lived near Hiroshima or Nagasaki.
The NRC sets standards on what is allowable based on estimates of risk to the average adult male. They state what is permissible, not what is safe. San Onofre’s environmental emissions continue even after reactors were shut down in January of 2012. For example, in 2012 (after shutdown), there were 335.1 hours of liquid effluent release of radionuclides. The longest one went on continuously for 28 hours discharging 1.03 billion gallons into the ocean. Were you in the ocean that day? You will never know because discharge days are secret.
The public should be outraged that the nuclear industry has blocked cancer research.
Anyone concerned should contact their representatives in Congress and demand that the study be rescued by the EPA or some other government agency. For more background, read http://www.ocregister.com/articles/nuclear-682289-nrc-cancer.html Everyone should be concerned, especially since the current plan is to store thousands of tons of uranium and plutonium indefinitely a few miles from here. There is no known technology for storing this material safely for decades or centuries. It represents a major threat not only to San Clemente but to all of Southern California.
The author is a retired neuroscience professor living in San Clemente.
The Coastal Commission approves constructing a nuclear waste dump at San Onofre. In a shocking unanimous vote on Oct. 6, the CA Coastal Commission gave Edison the go-ahead to start building a huge nuclear storage facility next to the beach in San Onofre. The nuclear industry likes to call this “spent fuel” but that euphemism only means that the profitability is spent. The thousands of tons of uranium and plutonium will remain lethal for hundreds of thousands of years. This waste has the same radioactive potential as thousands of nuclear weapons.
The nuclear waste storage facility is officially located in San Clemente (where Edison has a mailbox). Edison would like everyone to believe that the Dept. of Energy will remove the waste in 2049 but this is unlikely to happen. There is no plan to move it, and it is likely to remain here for the rest of the century or perhaps many centuries. The thin canisters in which the waste will be stored are fragile and deteriorate over time. There are safer canisters available, but Edison refuses to consider them. The salt water environment causes corrosion and cracking and they are guaranteed for only 10 years. Decades from now they may become too fragile to move even if there is a repository. With current technology there is no way to inspect internally for leaks and no way to fix leaks if they are detected. For more details, see SanOnofreSafety.Org and see an excellent letter by Mike Aguire in the current issue of San Clemente Times. If you are concerned about this, immediately write to your representatives in Congress and demand that Congress supports the National Academy of Sciences cancer study. Demand that the EPA rescue the study. As for the nuclear waste dump, write to CA officials at all levels from Jerry Brown to your city council members.
Corporate behavior is like weather: everyone talks about it but no one does anything about it. Maybe it is like airplane crashes: it happens regularly and goes unreported until there is a big story and then the media pile on. Many see disturbing trends from irresponsibility to downright criminal behavior. Some corporate behavior as the root cause of income inequality (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/09/opinion/sunday/capitalists-arise-we-need-to-deal-with-income-inequality.html). The productivity of American workers has increased by 80% in the last 4 decades but real wages continue to be flat except for the very rich. Most gains go to shareholders and top management, not to workers. Top executives focus on short-term profits which benefit themselves. Making America great again has come to mean transferring more money to the rich at the expense of everyone else.
While income of top executives continues to skyrocket, so does corporate irresponsibility. Let’s start with the big one: Volkswagen/Audi admitted that they deliberately rigged millions of cars with electronic defeat devices to pollute the planet except when the engines were being tested for emissions. CEO Martin Winterkorn resigned of course, but with a smile on his face because he walks away rewarded with a $67 million golden parachute. It remains to be seen if other automakers did the same thing or something else illegal to defy safety regulations. One analyst said that the death toll is about the same as that caused by the ignition defect that GM lied about for years (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/29/upshot/how-many-deaths-did-volkswagens-deception-cause-in-us.html). Another described how it is common practice for the industry cheat on safety regulations (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/29/world/europe/volkswagen-scandal-highlights-european-stalling-on-new-emissions-tests.html). Meanwhile, VW spent $165 million advertising its diesel cars as clean and fun to drive. And the Senate Finance Committee is now investigating millions in tax credits VW asked for because it claimed fuel-efficient cars. As for GM, there was not a single indictment of a GM employee. Top Federal prosecutor Preet Bharara explained that is it very difficult to prosecute industry executives for what their companies do that harms the public. Could this have anything to do with the top two priorities of one particular political party? (Tax breaks for the rich and cutting government regulations, in case you didn’t guess.)
True, a peanut farmer in Georgia was sentenced to 28 years in jail for salmonella poisoning (see Revenge of the Jetta by Peter Conniff, NYT Sept. 27 or Of Peanuts and Prosecutions the day before by Joe Nocera). But what about all the other cases? On Sept. 25, Paul Krugman commented on how the political class and their lobbyists have declared war on regulations. The argument is that business can do no wrong and that government has no role in limiting corporate misbehavior. His column was called Dewey, Cheatem & Howe and he is not talking about the Car Talk guys (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/25/opinion/dewey-cheatem-howe.html). He mentions Turing Pharmaceuticals which bought rights to a drug for treating parasitic infections. They promptly jacked up the price from $13 to $750 a tablet. You probably heard about the new class of cholesterol drugs that work far better than statins but have no side effects. The only problem is that the drug companies charge $14,000/year.
When Hillary Clinton released a plan to limit drug prices, Republicans promptly launched into a knee-jerk opposition to all regulations. Jeb Bush wrote an Op-Ed in the Wall Street Journal last week denouncing “creativity-crushing” and “job-killing” government regulations. Bush wants to eliminate regulations on coal ash which is full of deadly mercury. He doesn’t want any regulations on internet providers (in Europe, internet providers are regulated and the result is cheaper and faster service). Bush goes on calling for a rollback of financial regulations which could allow banks to run wild again.
Speaking of corruption in banking, how about the six brokers who rigged the Libor rates (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/07/business/dealbook/trial-opens-for-6-brokers-accused-of-rigging-libor.html?_r=0). They gave themselves colorful names like “Lord Libor” and “Big Nose.” They succeeded in manipulating the Libor, an index which determines many mortgage rates. The Libor rate affects trillions of dollars in borrow costs.
What about the hypocrisy of Bush when it is big corporations who are some of the biggest job killers. One of the most unprincipled acts of corporations is to misuse the H1B visa program to fire American workers. This has been going on for some time but the NYT decided to make it a front page story Sept. 30: Special visas help copycats take US jobs: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/30/us/toys-r-us-brings-temporary-foreign-workers-to-us-to-move-jobs-overseas.html?_r=0 The program was supposed to bring in highly skilled technical workers from abroad (meaning India) to help corporations that are stuck with less qualified Americans. In practice it is just the opposite. The corporations (ToysRUs, Disney, etc.) bring in unskilled novices from India, have the highly-skilled Americans train them to do their own jobs, then they fire the Americans. It is demeaning and insulting to have American tech people train their own replacement, but they are forced to do so (and have to sign non-disclosure agreements) or they will lose their severance package.
How about the old paragon of corporate decency, Johnson & Johnson? They got caught lying about the serious medical consequences of their off-label drug Risperdol. Nicholas Kristof wrote a piece called When Crime Pays. He found that the man behind the drug promotion was none other than CEO Alex Gorsky whose salary is $25 million. (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/17/opinion/nicholas-kristof-when-crime-pays-jjs-drug-risperdal.html). Or read what Huffington Post calls America’s Most Admired Lawbreaker (http://highline.huffingtonpost.com/miracleindustry/americas-most-admired-lawbreaker/). J & J brushed off the billions it is costing them to settle 4,200 lawsuits. “Just the cost of doing business,” quipped one J&J lawyer. A cost of course built into the price of every J&J product you buy.
And what about Coca-Cola? Turns out that have a program to lavishly fund any scientist who is willing to shift focus away from soda as a major factor in obesity. Even the American Academy of Pediatrics got sucked into this and praised Coca Cola for its commitment to the cause of children’s health. Let’s see, a can of coke has over 9 teaspoons of sugar in it and a 20 oz. Coke contains about 16 tsp. At least it no longer contains cocaine.
Moving closer to home, how about the California utilities who are very annoyed that people are turning to clean and green solar power. They see it as a threat to their profits and they are now heavily lobbying the Public Utilities Commission for new fees to discourage people from turning to solar power (http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-solar-net-metering-20150927-story.html).
New Book about the Clintons
Remember back in 1998 when the First Lady went public in defense of Bill by claiming that there was a “vast right-wing conspiracy” to bring down the Clintons? The issue keeps resurfacing and it now appears that Hillary was right. On Fox News, the new Speaker of the House-to-be Kevin McCarthy blundered into admitting that the purpose of the Benghazi hearings was not to clarify what happened in Benghazi but rather to get Clinton and lower her poll ratings. A few days earlier on CNN, husband Bill defended Hillary and said that the Email issue was part of the same attacks that go way back to the phony Whitewater charges of 1992.
Now there is a new book out Killing the Messenger: The Right-Wing Plot to Derail Hillary and Hijack Your Government. It was written by none other than David Brock who used to be part of the conspiracy but switched sides and now does a tell-all about how the movement to destroy the Clintons has matured into a well-funded conglomerate not only by the Republican establishment but also by FOX News and various command headquarters on K Street. Here is a review: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/27/books/review/david-brocks-killing-the-messenger.html
Like all Shakespeare plays, one has to end with an uplifting note no matter how grim things are. Go see He Named Me Malala about the teenage high school girl from Pakistan who was shot in the head by Taliban gunmen trying to prevent girls from becoming educated. Perhaps you saw Jon Stewart devote an entire program to a conversation with her. She is intelligent, articulate, and outspoken. Recently she scolded the world by observing that a few days of military spending could pay for the education of all kids in the world. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/27/opinion/sunday/nicholas-kristof-malala-yousafzais-fight-continues.html By the way, if you want an entertaining movie, go see A Walk in the Woods about two old farts (Robert Redford and Nick Nolte) who find meaning in life by hiking the Appalachian Trail.
Diplomacy vs Military Might
The big story du jour is whether the U.S. should join other countries that are signing an international agreement designed to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. On Aug. 7, I attended an Aspen Institute forum on how the U.S. should respond to the ISIS crisis. A stellar group of speakers included senior pentagon brass, a former CIA director, former Secretary of State, former top advisors to the President, and top scholars of Islam. It went on for hours. An informal buzz word analysis revealed an alarming tendency to discuss military “solutions” far more frequently than diplomatic actions. The panel was divided on what to do. Four star general David Petraeus could not make up his mind (although more recently he announced that he would support the agreement). After all the failed military interventions in the Middle East it seemed like déjà vu all over again: some of the best and brightest still think that there are military solutions to the world’s social and political problems. They still haven’t learned that military interventions cause problems rather than solve problems. In Washington, our elected members of Congress are voting on what is best for their careers, not what is best for the country. Not a single Republican Senator will support diplomacy. If you want to see what might happen if we don’t sign on, read this thoughtful Op-Ed in the LATimes by Joseph Cirincione, head of Ploughshares.
Reflecting on President Jimmy Carter
A few days after announcing that he now has brain cancer, Pres. Carter taught his regular Sunday school lesson at the Maranatha Baptist Church in Plains, Georgia. It is sad how many political pundits have caricatured his presidency, portrayed him as an inept clown, and overlooked his accomplishments. Unlike some other recent presidents who really were clowns, Carter is likely to go down in history as a great president. Here’s why.
Oliver Sach’s Parting Words
Another distinguished person suffering from cancer is in the news. Oliver Sachs, best-selling author, neuroscientist, and authority on the nature of conscious experience died today, August 30. Maybe you read (along with millions) The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. A month ago, he wrote about his own periodic table and the grander scheme of life on Earth.
Why Do Teachers Quit?
We hear that there is a big teacher shortage, perhaps explained by the fact that so many quit. Statistics show that about 17% leave the profession after the first five years. The rate is much higher in urban schools. Is it long hours and low pay? Or is it because of bad administrators who force them to slavishly follow formulas produced by politicians? Read all about it in the LAT.
Are There Health Benefits to Drinking Lots of Water?
Do you walk around with water bottles? Did your mother tell you to drink 8 glasses of water every day? Are you resistant to facts? Read what a medical doctor has to say regarding myths about hydration.
It comes as no surprise that the US spends more on the military than the rest of the world combined. We can also brag that we have more guns per capita than any other country. Yea! USA #1. Of course we lag in education, health care, infant mortality, stuff like that. But now we have a new crown: the mass shooting capital of the world. We have only 5% of the world population but we have 31% of the world’s mass shooting deaths. No one else is even close! Read all about it here.
Land of Opportunity or Land of Limitations?
Researchers are now reporting that there is less economic mobility in the United States than there is in Canada or much of Europe. Contrary to the popular myth, young people now have less mobility than previous generations. Stanford professor Sean Reardon notes that rich kids make a lot of bad choices but they don’t suffer the same consequences compared to poor kids. So let’s just drop the social Darwinism, says Nicholas Kristof. Success is not a sign of virtue and hard work. It’s mostly a sign that your grandparents did well.
New Controversy over Cholesterol Drugs.
What? Controversy in medicine??? Big time. It is no secret that heart disease is the number one killer, and now some doctors advise everyone over 65 to take statin drugs. Other doctors worry about the 25% of statin-intolerant people who suffer from muscle deterioration, diabetes, sleep disorders, and memory loss. Thousands of lawsuits are piling up against drug makers over this, yet Big Phama rakes in over $100 billion a year selling statin drugs. Now comes a new class of cholesterol lowering drugs called PCSK9 inhibitors which are much more effective in reducing LDL and apparently have few side effects. The FDA just approved Praluent and Repatha. Slight problem: they cost $14,000/year. Front page story in the NYT Aug. 30.
Information taken from the April 6th Edition of the San Clemente Patch and can be seen here.
Darrell Issa speaks (and misspeaks) at Town Hall about his own nuclear waste dump
By ROGER JOHNSON April 6, 2015
Congressman Darrell Issa has been strangely silent during all the turmoil over the San Onofre nuclear power plant. If you go to his website and type in San Onofre, what pops back is “No Results.” Last summer I went to his office to ask whether he is concerned that his own District 49 has become a nuclear waste dump for the indefinite future. Same answer: his staff admitted that they knew nothing about it and could not remember him making any statements or taking any action to oppose it. I was told that his office in Washington would get right back to me but they never did. Senator Harry Reid fought furiously to prevent his state from becoming a nuclear waste dump but Darrell Issa has given up without lifting a finger.
So I was surprised about dinnertime on April Fool’s Day when I got a robo call from his office asking if I wanted to join a Darrell Issa Town Hall meeting in progress. I pushed star 3 to join the meeting and instantly the congressman was on the phone almost as if we were having a conversation. A few minutes later a staff member interrupted to screen me and asked who I was and what was my question. Then I was returned to the “meeting” and listened (you are not allowed to talk, only listen) for 30 minutes until my name was called.
I said good evening to the congressman and told him that residents in his district are concerned that as of last August we have been designated by the NRC to become a nuclear waste dump for the indefinite future. That is nearly 2,000 tons of uranium and plutonium stored above ground in temporary canisters in a tsunami and earthquake fault zone in the middle of two major metropolitan areas. Anticipating that he would brush it off as the fault of Nevada Senator Harry Reid, I pointed out that Yucca Mt. is no longer an option not because of Sen. Reid but because scientists concluded that there is no known technology to protect the canisters from underground water penetration which would cause radioactive releases. Moreover, the Dept. of Energy says that Yucca Mt. is far too small to hold the massive amounts of highly-radioactive waste produced by the nation’s nuclear power plants. I asked why he is not concerned about this and why he has not done anything to oppose the plan to make his home district a nuclear waste dump.
Click. Suddenly I was cut off and the congressman took over. The way it works is that no dialogue or conversation is permitted, and once you are cut out of the “meeting” you are not allowed to speak again. Mr. Issa admitted that all the towns in his District 49 (stretching from Ladera Ranch to La Jolla) were indeed now near the nuclear waste dump. But he trivialized the danger by insisting that San Onofre was not located in either an earthquake fault or tsunami zone. This contradicts all the known facts about its location in Camp Pendleton at few hundred feet from I-5 on one side and the Pacific Ocean on the other (technically it is located in San Clemente Zip Code 92672).
It is almost incomprehensible that a Congressman could be so completely uninformed about his own district. How could he not know that San Onofre is located in a large earthquake fault zone? How could he not know that it is also in a tsunami inundation zone? Tsunamis are unlikely events, but they can be triggered by undersea earthquakes which could inundate the plant. This is what happened at Fukushima: First a large earthquake which knocked out the power and damaged the plant, then a tsunami an hour later which caused even more damage. Of course the official Edison line is that San Onofre is protected by a 30 ft sea wall. They don’t tell you that this 30 ft. “seawall” exists only if an earthquake cooperates and strikes at mean low tide (they count the beach as part of the sea wall). If you walk over to the “wall” with a tape measure it is only 14 ft. high.
Note to Congressman Issa: Please spend less time in Washington and become more familiar with your home district. Here is tsunami inundation map which includes your District 49. For a close up showing San Onofre click here. If you want to see the Fukushima tsunami, check out this video. If you want to see what it did to Santa Cruz 14 hours later, watch this.
Speaking of ocean dangers, radionuclides from Japan are now less than 100 miles off the California coast.They have traveled all the way across the Pacific Ocean from Fukushima where radionuclides were washed into the sea. Dr. Ken Buesseler, Senior Scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, has been studying this for years.On March 9 he gave a presentation which I attended at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Troubled Fukushima now has 158 million gallons of contaminated water stored in tanks and it is now considering dumping it all into the ocean.Dr. Buesseler has focused only on two of the radionuclides, Cesium 134 and 137.The radioactivity off our beaches is measurable, but he assures us that it is not a public health hazard.
As for earthquake fault zones, here are some California fault zone and fault activity maps. Zoom in to see the locations of all the faults. You can also checkout SoCalHiker.net which tells you how to follow the Cristianitos Fault line right to San Onofre where you can find the Survey Marker (see photo) of the US Army Corps of Engineers. Another big fault danger is the Newport-Englewood-Rose Canyon Fault which runs down the coast just off shore from San Onofre. The LA Times called this fault among the most hazardous in the country . This fault is estimated to be capable of a 7.5 to 8.0 quake, far more powerful than San Onofre was designed to withstand. The plant was designed to withstand only a 6.5 quake and was later retrofitted for 7.0 quakes. Remember that the Richter Earthquake Scale is a logarithmic rather than linear scale. A 5.0 earthquake, for example, has a shaking amplitude 10 times a 4.0 quake and the energy release would be 31.6 times greater.
Issa then went on to dismiss the dangers of dry cask storage. He stated (mistakenly) that Edison has been relying on cask storage for many decades with no problems so therefore they are completely safe. His reasoning is that if they haven’t failed by now they will be completely safe in the future. First of all, no one knows if they are damaged or cracked because there is no way to test this (and Edison has never tried). Second, Edison started dry cask storage only in the fall of 2003, just 12 years ago. The casks are licensed for only 20 years and the NRC says they hope casks will last more than 30. Will they last another 50 years? Probably not. It takes only one rupture to trigger mass evacuations in Southern California. The current NRC plan calls for keeping the highly radioactive waste on site for 60 years and two centuries after that if necessary. The NRC conveniently defines 60 years as “short term” which means that for any adult reading this, the waste will be with us for the rest of your lifetime.
If you are impressed with government and industry promises about nuclear safety, consider what happened at WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in Carlsbad, NM), the nation’s only underground nuclear waste repository. It was highly touted as the nation’s showcase on how to deal with nuclear waste. They said it would last 10,000 years but guess what? It failed in only 15 years. It suffered fires, explosions, and radiation leaks and is now closed. Billions of tax payer money is now being spent in an effort to reopen it someday. Even if it reopens, the facility is only for military waste and will not solve any problems of nuclear power plant waste. Anyone who wishes to know more about the dangers of nuclear waste inventories or storage risks should visit SanOnofreSafety.org and if you want to know about nuclear waste incidents and accidents that the industry does not want you to know about, click here.
Could it be that Darrell Issa and his staff get their information from his campaign contributors seeking special favors? A quick search of Maplight.Org (a website devoted to exposing the influence of money on politics) reveals 141 contributions to Issa from the energy sector alone in the last two years (including numerous contributions from Edison, Koch Industries, and many oil, gas, and nuclear industries). It is not surprising that Edison gives a lot of money to Issa because Edison has a long history of buying influence with local governments, chambers of commerce, and any civic group willing to support Edison. At the Congressional level, Edison has contributed $1.3 million to members of Congress. Pay to play as they say in New Jersey.
It is no secret that Issa is now the richest member of Congress. Many wonder if he says nothing and does nothing about San Onofre because he is more interested in pleasing his industry donors than he is in protecting the health and safety of his constituents. It is revealing that many of his biggest supporters come from major environmental polluters. Although the nuclear industry likes to call itself “clean,” everyone knows that the radioactivity regularly discharged into the atmosphere and ocean is environmentally dirty. Have the radioactive discharges from San Onofre over that last third of a century led to excessive cases of cancer in this area? No one knows for sure because you cannot trace the origins of cell DNA mutations. We all await the results of the large epidemiological study now being done by the National Academy of Sciences to investigate cancer streaks. Particular emphasis will be placed on studying the health records of mothers and children who lived within 30 miles of San Onofre during pregnancy, early infancy, or childhood.
While the nuclear industry has convinced Issa that storing highly radioactive waste in stainless steel canisters is perfectly safe, here are just a few of the problems his staff should read up about. The thin 1/2 to 5/8 inch canisters are known to suffer from stress and corrosion cracking probably due to the intense radiation on the inside and the salty marine environment on the outside. There is no known technology to inspect the cracks either from the inside or from the outside (the plan is to wait until radiation leaks and then figure out what to do next). There is also the annoying problem that there is no known technology to repair cracks when they do appear. There is also no current technology to replace failing canisters. Handling damaged canisters would be dangerous, and opening them would have to be done only under water in deep pools but they are not even sure how to do that. And then there is the inconvenient problem that the pools are scheduled to be demolished. That means moving defective canisters long distances (the nearest nuclear power plant is in Arizona) which would be extremely dangerous. It is far better to move the canisters now than wait until they are fragile.
Another big issue is Edison’s determination to put all the waste in the thin Holtec canisters rather than the safer and more robust (and more expensive) ones made by Siempelkamp. Profits first, public safety last, same old story.
Finally, Congressman Issa ignored my comments about Yucca Mt. He continues to claim that Yucca Mt. is completely safe, thus revealing how out of touch he is. He then turned it into partisan politics and predictably insisted that Harry Reid is to blame for everything. This seemed to follow a pattern for all questions. The Congressman addresses the politics of a question rather than the substance of a question. No matter what the issue, it was quickly turned into a partisan ideologue attack on Pres. Obama and the Democrats.
Eyebrows were raised on all kinds of wild claims that Issa made on other issues during his “meeting.” When talking about the importance of avoiding agreements with Iran, Issa stressed that Israel might be defenseless because it may not have any nuclear weapons at all. Really? Why does he say this? He explains that because Israel never admitted having nuclear weapons we should assume they really don’t have them. Most experts call this the policy of “ nuclear ambiguity,” also known as “nuclear opacity.” The whole world (except for Congressman Issa) knows that Israel started testing nuclear weapons in the 1960s and now has hundreds at its disposal (read all about it starting with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapons_and_Israel).
According to a recent piece in the LA Times, Issa’s divisive and confrontational style is now waning, even in his own party ( http://www.latimes.com/nation/politics/la-na-darrell-issa-20150321-story.html#page=1). When his term on the House Oversight Committee expired, his portraits were quickly removed and placed in an antechamber next to a coat rack. Some of his committee members remember his term in office as filled with acrimony, partisanship and vulgar displays which were a stain on the committee’s integrity and an embarrassment to the House of Representatives. Anyone who wants to read more about Issa’s political history can find it chronicled in several investigative reports. Click here or here .
It is no wonder that a poll in his district overwhelmingly favored naming the waste dump after Congressman Issa. A full 92% voted to name it The Darrell Issa Nuclear Waste Dump. See the survey here.What is sad is that the Congressman is in a good position to demand the removal of radioactive waste from his district to another “temporary” storage location such as an isolated, unpopulated, and secure military base. The Congressman does not seem to know that the Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future strongly recommends that no nuclear waste be stored without local citizen consent. The residents of Nevada fiercely objected to having nuclear waste stored there, especially since they did not create any of it. The citizens of Orange and San Diego Counties also strongly oppose turning Southern California into a nuclear waste dump. Congressman Issa could make a big difference in demanding the removal of the waste. So far, he is one of the few in Southern California who is completely content to allow his home to become a nuclear waste dump. Why is he so silent and unresponsive to the most important issue in his home district?